SSL Certificate is a protocol that creates a secure bridge between the browser and the server and provides a secure environment for data transit. Today SSL becomes a necessity for E-business and other online merchants. Street shopping has been replaced with online shopping. When users insert their personal details like credit card, login ID, and password for online transactions, there must be a security for their confidential information. If your website is not equipped with enough security then, such user’s information might be at risk.

In the above situation, SSL proves to be a great security protocol that secures user information over the web. Visitors stay away from those websites that are lacking sufficient online security.

How SSL works: Below is the process of SSL process that will give you an exact idea.

· First, browser connects to the server.

· The browser asks the server to prove its SSL authenticity.

· Third, Web server transfers a copy of SSL certificate for the satisfaction of the browser.

· The next pace is to confirm the SSL security certificate.

· Fourth, the browser confirms that the certificate sent by the server is authenticated.

· After confirming the SSL certificate, the browser transfers the message of authentication.

· If it is not up to the mark then the browser shows a warning message.

To save your users from online frauds, there are many types of SSL certificates available, which are discussed as under.

Domain Validation: It secures your primary domain and carries rapid issuance. Many small businesses and entrants like to opt for domain validation certificate because they are fresher in their business.

Business Validation: This type of SSL certificate provides complete business validation after going through the vetting document procedure. Certificate Authority can issue such certificate only after verifying the company documents.

EV (Extended Validation): Banks, social media sites, corporate, e-commerce, etc mostly use EV Certificate. It turns your address bar into a green address bar. When visitors look at a green bar, they get confidence for online shopping.

SAN Certificate: When you want to secure multiple domains on a single certificate, you should go for SAN Certificate. Such certificate can secure up to 100 domains on a single certificate.

Wildcard certificate: When you have, unlimited sub domains then, you should choose wildcard certificate. Such certificate can secure your unlimited sub domains on a single certificate. For instance, you can secure,,, etc. with purchasing of *

SGC (Server Gated Certificate) Certificate: Many people are still using old browsers that are not capable of handling the latest 256-bit encryption. With SGC certificate, user can increase the efficiency of old browser.


In today’s scenario, SSL protocol uses 256-bit encryption and 2048-bit root certificate. All SSL certificates hold more than 99% browser compatibility. SSL certificate is an advantage for online merchants and helps in product sales. There are number of industries that have shown a significant increase in online sales figure after installing SSL certificate on their websites. A money back guarantee is also given in case of security breach.

Types of Security issues & SSL: SSL can provide security against the following attacks that makes your website vulnerable and exposed.

· Injection attack

· Flooding attack

· Network sniffing

· Man in the middle attack

· Data theft

· Port Scanning

Fundamentals of SSL: SSL is based on three fundamentals like Encryption, Authenticity, and Validity.

From the above discussion, we can say that SSL is not just a certificate but also a complete security solution, which carries strong encryption and authentication. There is no doubt that SSL is the only hope of online merchants, which provides complete online security solution.

Source by Abel Wike

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